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English homework help 62

English homework help 62. Everything done, will provide pictures. I just need someone to out it into the correct format.  This is the final draft of your individual research paper essay.  1. Essay must be 7-8 pages typed, not including the works cited page.  2. Essay must follow MLA format.  3. Research must include a minimum of 8 sources, 4 of which must be from Library Databases: Proquest, CQ Researcher, Infotrac, Opposing Viewpoints, etc.  4. Essay must have a complete Works Cited page that cross references correctly to all in-text citations.  Note: Please submit your document with YOUR last name first. (Example: Schilf-Research-Paper-Final-Draft.pdf) Research Paper: Topics/Thesis 1. Position Statement Topic: Racism against African Americans Thesis: In today’s society, people of color should have the freedom to live out their lives without having a target upon their back; the racism towards African American individuals has caused a dark history of hate, unlawful acts of crime, and injustices within our world which can be eliminated through education policies within every realm of society, from schools to the workforces. Research Paper: Intro and Conclusion A. It is 8 P.M. and you are walking home alone after a long afternoon of basketball practice. You live in downtown Los Angeles, in not such a great neighborhood but you walk about an hour and a half to get to school that provides you better opportunities. As you turn the corner you notice a police car is trailing slowly behind you. You then notice they turn on their lights and demand you to stop walking and put your hands up in the air. Feelings of nervousness and confusion overcome you, being that you do not know what is happening at this moment. The two officers approach and as you begin to remove your backpack they instantly point their weapons at you. At this point, you have two officers threatening to shoot you for no reason at all. The only crime you commited was being a black man walking the streets at night. In today’s society, people of color should have the freedom to live out their lives without having a target upon their back; the racism towards African American individuals has caused a dark history of hate, unlawful acts of crime, and injustices within our world which can be eliminated through education policies within every realm of society, from schools to the workforces. B. PROS (Points for support of your thesis) CONS (Points in response by opposition) C. Now that the educational policies have been implemented within all aspects of society, being a black man walking the street at night is no longer seen as a targeted individual. School systems from K-12th grade have integrated the education regarding how African Americans were and still are treated in the United States. The colleges and universities require a GE to be taken regarding the history of racism, as well as the workplace having to provide mandatory training on how racism is not acceptable. These mandated policies 1. K-12 – Easily implemented into grade school curriculum – Children will grow up with the proper morals in regards to how to avoid racial actions 2. College and Universities – Mandatory classes to fulfill GE requirements must be taken on courses discussing the history of racism 3. Workplace – Having mandatory training will allow individuals to become aware of how racism is not tolerated within the workforce 1. Cost of new educational policies – Taxpayer money will have to be utilized – Raise in taxes 2. Less focus on core subjects – With more time being focused on the new curriculum, it will take away from subjects such as math and english 3. Increase in expenses for employees – The mandatory training will lead to more money being put into company rather than gain revenue C. Now that the educational policies have been implemented within all aspects of society, being a black man walking the street at night is no longer seen as a targeted individual. School systems from K-12th grade have integrated the education regarding how African Americans were and still are treated in the United States. The colleges and universities require a GE to be taken regarding the history of racism, as well as the workplace having to provide mandatory training on how racism is not acceptable. These mandated policiesallow you to be an individual who is free to live their lives without a constant target upon their back. As a black man, you no longer have to fear for your life every time you are approached by an officer, or a racist, due to the fact that there are now policies which have educated individuals on how racism is not tolerated within society PRO / CON LIST (Problem & Solution) Topic: Racism against African Americans Thesis: In today’s society, people of color should have the freedom to live out their lives without having a target upon their back; the racism towards African American individuals has caused a dark history of hate, unlawful acts of crime, and injustices within our world which can be eliminated through education policies within every realm of society, from schools to the workforces. The Problem: People of color are constantly faced with racism within their lives, from hateful acts to injustices brought upon by systemic racism. The Solution: In order to diminish the racism which African American individuals face on a day to day basis, policies need to be passed which will enforce new educational opportunities within all grade level schools from preschool up until college, as well as mandatory training within the workplace for all elements of work. PROBLEM 1. Residential segregation – Black and white segregation within American is primarily a result of public policies designed to subjugate African American individuals, while promoting white supremacy. 2. Concentrated poverty found in schools – The wealth gap between African Americans and Whites leads middle class African Americans families to live in concentrated poverty, therefore their child attends high-poverty schools. 3. Wealth Inequality – African American households have far less access to tax-advantaged forms of saving due to the fact that they face employment discrimination. 4. Systemic racism in education systems – Within grades K-12, when African American students and White students commit similar infractions, black students are three times more likely to be suspended and expelled when compared to white students. 5. Systemic racism in healthcare – Organizations discriminate individuals based on their insurance status, which disproportionately impacts non-white populations. 6. Police brutality – African American individuals are 2.5 times more likely than White men to be killed by police officers within their lifetime. PROS (Points for support of your thesis) CONS (Points in response by opposition) 1. K-12 – Easily implemented into grade school curriculum – Children will grow up with the proper morals in regards to how to avoid racial actions 2. College and Universities – Mandatory classes to fulfill GE requirements must be taken on courses discussing the history of racism 3. Workplace – Having mandatory training will allow individuals to become aware of how racism is not tolerated within the workforce 1. Cost of new educational policies – Taxpayer money will have to be utilized – Raise in taxes 2. Less focus on core subjects – With more time being focused on the new curriculum, it will take away from subjects such as math and english 3. Increase in expenses for employees – The mandatory training will lead to more money being put into company rather than gain revenue ARGUMENTATIVE RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE TEMPLATE INTRODUCTION Title: The end to racial disparities against African Americans in America O.S. (Opening Strategy): It is 8 P.M. and you are walking home alone after a long afternoon of basketball practice. You live in downtown Los Angeles, in not such a great neighborhood but you walk about an hour and a half to get to school that provides you better opportunities. As you turn the corner you notice a police car is trailing slowly behind you. You then notice they turn on their lights and demand you to stop walking and put your hands up in the air. Feelings of nervousness and confusion overcome you, being that you do not know what is happening at this moment. The two officers approach and as you begin to remove your backpack they instantly point their weapons at you. At this point, you have two officers threatening to shoot you for no reason at all. The only crime you commited was being a black man walking the streets at night. In today’s society, people of color should have the freedom to live out their lives without having a target upon their back; the racism towards African American individuals has caused a dark history of hate, unlawful acts of crime, and injustices within our world which can be eliminated through education policies within every realm of society, from schools to the workforces. Thesis: In today’s society, people of color should have the freedom to live out their lives without having a target upon their back; the racism towards African American individuals has caused a dark history of hate, unlawful acts of crime, and injustices within our world which can be eliminated through education policies within every realm of society, from schools to the BODY P1 — Racism towards African Americans has been rooted in American history, yet never thoroughly explained or justified.  A. Evidence 1 — Thomas Huxley, a British biologist, gave lectures to promote the acceptance of evolution. In a book he published in 1872, Huxley stated “It may be quite true that some negroes are better than some white men; but no rational man, cognizant of the facts, believes that the average negro is the equal, still less the superior, of the average white man. And, if this be true, it is simply incredible that, when all his disabilities are removed, and our prognathous [having a projecting lower jaw] has a fair field and no favor, as well as no oppressor, he will be able to compete successfully with his bigger-brained and smaller-jawed rival, in a contest which is to be carried on by thoughts and not by bites.” i. Response — In 1872, African Americans were seen as lower beings and unable to be known as equal to white individuals. Thomas Huxley described African Americans as being less capable of being seen as higher up or equal to whites due to the fact that they have lower jaws and smaller brains. This holds significance due to the fact that the idea of racism was present in science in the year 1872. B. Evidence 2 —Ernst Haeckel, a German biologist, wrote to sway individuals to accept evolution. Haeckel wrote a book in 1874 titled The Evolution of Man, where he stated “Apes, on the contrary, can grasp in this way with the hind-foot as well as the fore-foot, and were therefore regarded as four-handed. Many tribes, however, among the lower races of men, especially many negro tribes, use the foot in the same way as the hand.” i. Response — In 1874, scientists believed their findings depicted African Americans as being more closely related to apes rather than humans. This is extremely dehumanizing within society due to the fact that African Americans are human beings and not animals, therefore they should not be treated or referred to as anything less of a human being. C. Evidence 3 — In 1914, the American Book Company published a high school textbook titled A Civic Biology, which became the best-selling biology textbook in the United States. This textbook discussed the subject of the famous Scopes “monkey trial.” In the evolution section it states “At the present time there exist upon the earth five races or varieties of man, each very different from each other in instincts, social customs, and, to an extent, in structure. There are the Ethiopian or negro type, originating in Africa; the Malay or brown race, from the islands of the Pacific; the American Indian; the Mongolian or yellow race, including the natives of China, Japan and the Eskimos; and finally, the highest type of all, the Caucasians, represented by the civilized white inhabitants of Europe and America.” i. Response — The evidence given is portrayed to be a hierarchy within biology that ranks races from highest to lowest. This demonstrates how racism was a prominent role in society’s history, being that in 1914 African Americans were still displayed as being less superior than any other race. P2 — The educational system has displayed insignificant efforts to enable African Americans to succeed. A. Evidence 1 — Among high school students who graduated in 2019 and took the ACT college readiness exam, only 11% of African Americans met the ACT’s college readiness benchmarks in at least three of the four subjects. i. Response — This statistic is a direct demonstration of how the education system has failed to prepare African American students for their next chapter in life, being attending the college of their choice.ferent racial and ethnic groups, the rates of college enrollment were the lowest for African Americans compared to other races, being that they had a 65% rate while other races obtained a 80-75%. i. Response — This evidence is a prime example of how the opportunities for African Americans are far less abundant compared to other races. In order to change this factor, educational systems need to have equal opportunities presented for all students. C. Evidence 3 — Among full-time, new college students who entered a 4-year college in 2019, only 30% of African American students graduated within the four years. i. Response — The evidence depicted shows how college programs do not fully aid nor support African American students to allow them to graduate on time. P3 — African Americans are significantly affected by the type of income they are able to attain to support themselves, as well as their families. A. Evidence 1 — In 2019, the median reported household cash incomes of different races and ethnicities in the U.S. found that African Americans obtained the lowest income, when compared to White, Asian, and Hispanic individuals. i. Response — This finding is important due to the fact that it is a direct implication that African American individuals are not given the same opportunities as other races, which leads to an insufficient amount of income being obtained. B. Evidence 2 — In 2017, the median reported household cash incomes for U.S. households of different races, ethnicities, and marital or family statuses demonstrated that families headed by single African American males was $58,000 compared to $88,000 for White males.Response — This is a very significant finding because the income gap is so large between African American males and White males, which poses the question as to why this is the case. C. Evidence 3 — In 2019, the median reported cash earnings full time workers in the U.S. aged 25 and older with different levels of formal education, races, and ethnicities found that White individuals obtain $40,000, while African Americans obtain $28,000. i. Response — The evidence indicates that race is the only differential factor between Whites and African Americans due to the fact that both individuals only obtained a high school diploma, which demonstrates the racial inequality within an economic sense. P4 — Due to the lack of structure and support within predominantly African American communities, these individuals factor into the elements of violence and crimes, however systemic racism plays a huge role in the sentencing of the individuals. A. Evidence 1 — In the U.S. within the past two decades, African Americans comprised 13% of the total population, 52% of murder perpetrators in cases where law enforcement identified the race of the culprit, 42% of the death row population, and 32% of death penalty executions. i. Response — The evidence given demonstrates how corrupt the criminal justice system is, being that African Americans are significantly targeted to be seen as criminals right off the bat and given the most lengthy or detrimental sentencing. B. Evidence 2 — In a 2015, author Patricia Williams Lessane, the director of the Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture at the College of Charleston, South Carolina, described several murders to be interracial, being that White people murdered African Americans based solely off of their race.i. Response — The evidence of White individuals killing African Americans solely based off of the color of their skin poses such a huge detrimental factor to society, being that it continues the development of the hierarchy power White individuals believe to obtain. C. Evidence 3 — In every year from 1980 to 2018, murders of African Americans by White people have been about two-to-three times more common than vice-versa. i. Response — The statistic given shows how racism has been present in society without any true reform or change to provide the safety to African Americans within their everyday lives. P4 — Police brutality and criminal injustice among the African American community is one of the most detrimental aspects of simply being an African American individual, without even committing a crime. A. Evidence 1 — Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old black teen, was shot and killed by a neighborhood watch volunteer named George Zimmerman, who is half-white, half-Hispanic, and partially black in 2012. George Zimmerman was found not guilty of second degree murder by a grand jury. i. Response — This fatal killing was what emerged the Black Lives Matter Movement to be created. Trayvon Martin was deemed “dangerous” and “suspicious” for being black and walking the street at night. The grand jury finding George Zimmerman not guilty of killing an innocent teenager is an indication that the criminal justice system does not hold African Americans’ lives to be as important as the lives of White individuals. B. Evidence 2 — Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American teen, was shot and killed by a White police officer named Darren Wilson. A grand jury decided there was no evidence that would justify bringing charges against Wilson.i. Response — The fact that a White individual can kill an African American person, let alone a teenager, and get away with it is why the criminal justice system as time and time again failed the families of broken hearted African American individuals. C. Evidence 3 — Breonna Taylor, a Black medical worker, was shot and killed in her sleep by Louisville police officers during an improper search of her apartment. i. Response — The brutal and heartbreaking death of Breonna Taylor demonstrates how careless police officers can be towards the lives of African Americans based on their racial beliefs. Pro/Con Section (Problem/Solution Essays — Solution Section Only) OPP1: The cost of new education policies will lead to taxpayer money having to be utilized, ultimately resulting in the significant increase in taxes. S1: Within the education system, grades K-12 will have curriculum implemented to teach proper morals in regards to how to avoid racial actions. A. Evidence 1 — Racism-neutral and racism-invasive approaches to studying racial disparities by centering current research that makes visible the normalized facets of racism in K–12 schools have been conducted. i. Response — Studying racial disparities within K-12 grade will allow children to have an upbringing with the moral ideas regarding racial issues. B. Evidence 2 — Research indicated that bringing light to racism’s permanence and significance in the lives of students of color can be extremely beneficial to children’s upbringing. i. Response — This research is important due to the fact that as children grow to learn about how racism affects a student of color life, they will be aware of the fact of how wrong racism is.OPP2: With implementing a curriculum to educate K-12 students on racial issues and morals against racism, there will be less of a focus on core subjects such as math and english. S2: College and universities will require mandatory classes to fulfill GE requirements to be taken on courses discussing the history of racism, along with the other mandatory classes such as english and math. A. Evidence 1 — Educational programs are in the process of being designed to include mandatory courses which discuss various intersections of oppression in different societies. i. Response — This evidence is extremely beneficial due to the fact that the educational programs will require the courses to be taken, rather than provide them as an elective. B. Evidence 2 — Rather than offering a special-focus course, colleges and universities need to move away from short version curriculum and fully provide integrated subject matter. i. Response — Providing a full integrated subject matter will allow students to obtain a better understanding of how the history of racism has impacted African Americans within their lives. OPP3 : Mandatory training for employees regarding the awareness of racism in the workforce, the expenses for the employees will increase rather than gain revenue. S3: Having mandatory training will allow individuals to become more aware of how racism is not tolerated within the workforce. A. Evidence 1 — In the workplace, racism most often manifests itself through microaggressions, which are defined as indirect, subtle or even unintentional acts of discrimination against members of a marginalized group.etter understanding of how to manage racism within the workforce, as well as become knowledgeable that racism isn’t acceptable in the workplace. B. Evidence 2 — Research has shown that it is important to create a space where people feel safe to have honest conversations where nobody feels singled out or different. i. Response — This research is important because it shows how beneficial the mandatory training will be in providing the safe space, while knowing how to deal with racism in the workforce. CONCLUSION Now that the educational policies have been implemented within all aspects of society, being a black man walking the street at night is no longer seen as a targeted individual. School systems from K-12th grade have integrated the education regarding how African Americans were and still are treated in the United States. The colleges and universities require a GE to be taken regarding the history of racism, as well as the workplace having to provide mandatory training on how racism is not acceptable. These mandated policies allow you to be an individual who is free to live their lives without a constant target upon their back. As a black man, you no longer have to fear for your life every time you are approached by an officer, or a racist, due to the fact that there are now policies which have educated individuals on how racism is not tolerated within society Works Cited Alexander, M., et al. “Racism and Police Brutality in America.” Journal of African American Studies, Springer US, 1 Jan. 1970, Doi:10.1054/13227591.2020.1764221. Bleich, Sarah. “Discrimination in the United States: Experiences of Black Americans.” Discrimination in the United States, 2019, Doi:10.1090/13577961.2020.1913411. Causadias, Jose. “Racial Discrimination in the United States: A National Health Crisis That Demands a National Health Solution.” Racial Discrimination in the United States, 2019, Doi:10.1570/14567581.2020.1230781. Feagin, Joe, and Zinobia Bennefield. “Systemic Racism and U.S. Health Care.” Social Science & Medicine, Pergamon, 6 Feb. 2014, Doi:10.5680/14456576.2020.1819181. Krieger, Nancy. “The American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) from the American Public Health Association (APHA) Publications.” American Public Health Association (APHA) Publications, 2020, Doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305886. Lavalley, Ryan. “Occupation, Injustice, and Anti-Black Racism in the United States of America.” Taylor & Francis, 2020, Doi:10.1080/14427591.2020.1810111. Schwartz, Stephen A. “Police Brutality and Racism in America.” Explore (New York, N.Y.), Published by Elsevier Inc., 2020, Doi:10.1800/14527581.2020.1819115 Williamson, Vanessa, et al. “Black Lives Matter: Evidence That Police-Caused Deaths Predict Protest Activity: Perspectives on Politics.” Cambridge Core, Cambridge University Press, 16 May 2018, Doi:10.1890/14785991.2020.1810111.

English homework help 62

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